Table of Contents 

FAQ
Should I take this course?
You should definitely take this course if you ever want to program robots, or
 you ever want to develop computer control systems for cars, or
 you ever want to write programs that control aircraft or UAV, or
 you ever want to help computers control power plants or the smart grid, or
 you want to do embedded systems or cyberphysical systems, or
 you are interested in learning how computation interfaces with the real world, or
 you are simply fascinated by combining mathematics and computer science, or
 you want to see logic matter in reality
What do I need to know coming into this course?
The formal requirements for the course are listed in the course prerequisites.
If you are afraid of programming or afraid of mathematics, then you will find this course more challenging. The course does not require particularly advanced mathematical background, but you should feel comfortable picking the required concepts up as we go. We will explain what you need to know in the course and provide pointers to further reading material. Coming into this course, you should definitely already know what a derivative is and have an intuitive understanding of differential equations. We will go over what you need to know. We will frequently need things like the following differential equation
x'=v,v'=a
x
is v
, and the timederivative of v
is a
.
In other words, this differential equation means that the derivative of the position x
is the velocity v
, and the derivative of the velocity v
is the acceleration a
.
We suggest that you look at Further Reading material for this course.
What time commitment does this course need to succeed?
The course is a 12 unit course and includes both lectures and recitations. Both the theory homework and the labs are alternating every two weeks. So there's an assignment due every week, either the theory or the lab, but never both.
How much time you need to complete this course depends on how easy the material comes to you. The course will certainly be challenging. It will not be challenging because of sheer volume of things that we demand you do. Instead, the challenges will be of a more conceptual nature. If everything comes quite natural to you, you can be done quickly. Otherwise, you may need to invest more time until you get your controllers working correctly and get them verified. We structure the labs and assignments in a way that carefully build things up layer by layer so that you will learn about cyberphysical systems in a wellstructured way. You will learn about one layer of CPS challenges at a time and we will proceed to the next challenges once we have mastered the previous ones.
KeYmaera X Usage
 KeYmaera X Documentation
 Start KeYmaera X and browse the Help menu
 Cheat Sheet for KeYmaera X
 Cheat Sheet for Differential Dynamic Logic
KeYmaera Usage
Previous instances of this course were using KeYmaera, the precursor of the more advanced theorem prover KeYmaera X. Your mileage from the KeYmaera documentation may vary, because it is thorough, but not adapted to KeYmaera X.KeYmaera Documentation
Starring KeYmaera on YouTube Channel
 Tutorial: Install KeYmaera
 Tutorial: Open KeYmaera Using Java Web Start
 Tutorial: Find a Counterexample
 Tutorial: Loop Invariants with KeYmaera
 Tutorial: Simple Train Control
 Tutorial: Discover Constraints Using KeYmaera
 Tutorial: Differential Cuts, Invariants, and Weakening
 Tutorial: Abbreviate Rule
 Tutorial: Modeling Discrete Steering
 Tutorial: Differential Auxiliaries / Differential Ghosts
Further Reading
This course will make heavy use of differential equations, logic and theorem proving. While each of those topics will be discussed in this course, you are expected to be able to get up to speed quickly. Depending on your prior background and how well you remember this material from other courses, we recommend that you look at some of the following resources before the semester starts. This will make it easier for you to get going in cyberphysical systems. You may also find these resources helpful for extra reading throughout the semester.
You should feel very comfortable with the elementary background material, e.g., what a differential equation is, before the course begins. We also include advanced materials for interested students.
We will also add further reading material as the course progresses.

André Platzer.
Logical Analysis of Hybrid Systems:
Proving Theorems for Complex Dynamics.
Springer, 2010. 426 pages. ISBN 9783642145087.
[bib  doi  book  web  abstract]
Ordinary Differential Equations
 Course notes from 21122 Integration, Differential Equations, and Approximation
 André Platzer.
Logical Analysis of Hybrid Systems: Proving Theorems for Complex Dynamics.
Springer, 2010.
Appendix B  Nykamp DQ. Ordinary differential equation examples. From Math Insight.
 Nykamp DQ. An introduction to ordinary differential equations. From Math Insight.
 Wolfgang Walter. Ordinary Differential Equations. Springer, 1998. ISBN 9780387984599
 Jörn Loviscach and Miriam Swords Kalk. Differential equations in action.
 Khan Academy. First order differential equations. (very basic, image quality issues)
FirstOrder Logic
 Explore the sequent calculus directly in KeYmaera X
 Interactive Tutorial of the Sequent Calculus
 Samuel R. Buss. An Introduction to Proof Theory in Handbook of Proof Theory. Elsevier, 1998. pp 178.
 André Platzer.
Logical Analysis of Hybrid Systems: Proving Theorems for Complex Dynamics.
Springer, 2010.
Appendix A (advanced)  Mordechai BenAri. Mathematical Logic for Computer Science. Springer, 2012.
Chapters 1, 2, 3.2, 7, 8.1 (focus is on tableaux calculus instead of sequent calculus, though, which causes quite some notational differences).